In the UK, 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. So, it’s important to look out for the signs, symptoms and check your level of risk as it’s the most common cancer in men.
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a walnut sized-gland that sits underneath the bladder and helps to make semen. The prostate gland usually grows bigger as you get older.
Am I at risk?
Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50, and your risk increases with age. The risk is even higher for black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer. A man whose father or brother has had the disease is 2.5 times more likely to develop prostate cancer than a man with no family history, so it’s important to be extra vigilant if a close relative has been diagnosed. Check your risk level here in 30 seconds.
Signs and symptoms
Most men with early prostate cancer don’t have any signs or symptoms. But there are some things that may mean you’re more likely to get prostate cancer, which we have outlined above.
A total of 37% of prostate cancer cases are diagnosed late making it more difficult to treat. So, look out for changes in the way you pee. If you have a weak flow, notice blood in your urine, struggle to empty your bladder or experience an increased or sudden need to urinate, visit your GP to get your symptoms checked out.
And, if you’re not sure how to start the conversation with your GP – print and fill out this form to help.
There is no single test to diagnose prostate cancer. But, there are a few simple tests that your GP can do to find out if you have a prostate problem. The main tests include a urine test to rule out a urine infection and a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test which can help indicate prostate cancer.
Getting checked early on can make all the difference, as Derren found out.
For more information visit Prostate Cancer UK. If you need support coping with cancer, find out more here. Or call our free and confidential helpline on 08081 311 333 – we’re here for you.